Share to Facebook Share to Twitter Share to LinkedIn Pinterest Email

Einstein Image

Einstein Image


To turn r-a-t into a-r-t, colorize its paths to a lever (at top) that releases a shot of sugar water. Morphing a graph into rainbow-tinged strings was the idea of addiction researcher Saleem M. Nicola, Ph.D. In this study, he and colleagues trained rats to press the sugar-releasing lever after hearing a tone, and the colors represent one animal’s orientation on hearing the tone multiple times: warmer colors indicate that the rat is facing away, while cooler tones show that it has turned toward the sugar. The image was a winner of the Federation of American Societies of Biology’s BioArt competition. Dr. Nicola is an associate professor in the department of psychiatry and behavioral sciences and in the Dominick P. Purpura Department of Neuroscience.

Share to Facebook Share to Twitter Share to LinkedIn Share to Pinterest Email

The Issue at a Glance

More From Einstein

Residents Respond to COVID Surge
Freeing Immune Cells to Combat Cancer
Hispanic Health Foundation Scholarships
Dennis Shields Postdoctoral Prizes
Hispanic Heritage Month
Marmur Awards Marks 25 Years
The Women Who Battle Blood Cancer
Einstein Celebrates Black History
Einstein Students Join Vaccination Effort
Einstein Among Top in Research Funding
Match Day Video:
Class of 2021
The Einstein Difference


Research Notes
Motivations: Donors & Alumni


Share to Facebook Share to Twitter Share to LinkedIn Email

Past Issues

Download Magazine



  • This field is for validation purposes and should be left unchanged.